Saturday, October 23, 2010

Tiffany in Chicago..

Tiffany dome at Marshall Field's [now Macy's] at State Street..

Tiffany in Chicago..
Louis Comfort Tiffany and John LaFarge [two known rivals] created milestones in the development of new techniques for making stained glass windows in the late 19th and early 20th century. In this post I am concentrating on the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany and his Tiffany Studio. In 1885, Louis Comfort Tiffany founded the Tiffany Glass Company, which in 1890 became the Tiffany Studio.

The name of Tiffany is closely associated with..
- The creation of "favrile" glass, patented by Louis C. Tiffany in 1894..
- Developments in stained glass techniques, especially drapery glass..
- Not only is the Tiffany Studio, credited with innovative techniques, but also brought changes in the theme of stained glass windows, from religious compositions, to pastoral scenes, ornamental designs and also floral motifs.

Tiffany Dome at Marshall Fields [now Macy's] at State Street..
Installed: 1907
Designed by Louis C. Tiffany
It is both the first dome to be built in favrile iridescent glass and is the largest glass mosaic of it's kind. It contains over 1.6 million pieces. The late Louis C. Tiffany designed this glass mosaic dome. "Favrile" glass are handmade and the "iridescent effect" was obtained by mixing different colors of glass while hot. "Favrile iridescent glass" is a type of art glass patented in 1894 by Louis Comfort Tiffany...

Preston Bradley Hall..
Chicago Cultural Center..
The centerpiece is a 38-foot Tiffany glass dome designed by artist J. A. Holtzer. The Cultural Center states this to be the largest Tiffany dome in the world, with an estimated value of $35 million..

The lobby of Marquette Building..
The mosaics are the work of Louis Comfort Tiffany and J.A.Holzer.. Holzer was chief designer for the Tiffany Glass and Decorating company. These mosaics are composed entirely of mother of pearl and Favrile glass..

The lobby of Marquette Building..
Words inscribed.. They answered they were Illinois and in token of peace presented the pipes to smoke..

Field of Lilies..
Designed, Fabricated by Tiffany Studio..
Location: Tiffany Gallery, within the Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows at Navy Pier..
Louis Comfort Tiffany was not satisfied with brushwork on glass.. "Glass covered in brushwork produced an effect both dull and artificial".. He said.. "I could not make an inspiring window with paint. I had to use a medium which appealed to me.. How many times I have tried to make drapery glass? My chemist and my furnanceman for a long time insisted it was impossible, claiming that the metallic oxides would not combine, and that was the trouble for many years. The mix would disintegrate. New styles of firing ovens had to be built, new methods.. for annealing glass.."

Autumn Landscape [1890s]..
This window is from Tiffany's Impressionist period. Selected sheets of Favril glass are combined into a sky as "impressionist" as one produced by the painters. The window appears even more spontaneous because of the light that is transmitted through it, a uniqueness of glass unknown to the painters on canvas.

Two Angels [1910]..
Designed and Fabricated by Tiffany Studio..
Location: Tiffany Gallery, within the Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows at Navy Pier..

The marker reads..
All the various glass inventions of Louis Comfort Tiffany can be studied in this superb pair of angels. Angels seated in the fields of lilies indicate divine purity. This symbolism is carried to a thoughtful conclusion by the angels beautifully feathered white wings and drapery-folded garments. The use of pastel colors contribute to the serenity. As with all Tiffany figurative windows, the exposed faces, hands and feet are painted..

Hanging Head Dragonfly Shade on Mosaic and Turtleback Base..
at the Art Institute of Chicago..
Design attributed to Carla Pierce Wolcott Driscoll of the Tiffany company..
Description: 1906 / Favrile glass and bronze..

The marker reads..
Around 1898 Louis Comfort Tiffany's firm began creating lamps fitted for electricity with trademark Favrile glass, which feature subtle shading and unique textural effects. As artistic director, Tiffany approved all patterns but designed relatively few lamps himself. Clara Driscoll, head of Women's Glass Cutting Department at Tiffany Studios, was likely responsible for design of this shade and base. She began working for Tiffany in 1888, and designed the majority of the firms lamps until she left the company in 1908 or 1909.

Stained glass dome at Fullerton Hall..
Designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany..
Completed: 1901.
at the Art Institute of Chicago..
In 1901, the Fullerton Hall's pendant space, the Ryerson Library was completed as well..

The Second Presbyterian Church has an amazing collection of stained glass windows by Tiffany. But I need to go there again for closer images of the windows..


reub-envision said...

cool stuff

Samuel John Lima said...

Very beautiful! We need to get back to doing work like this again (in architecture as well as in the decorative arts).

Calvin.K said...

It is amazing, and we will never forget once visit this place

Jyoti said...

@ tovangar: And you must also read the caption, which specifies, Tiffany in "Chicago"!!!

mua thuoc tot said...

Giảm cân có nhiều cách , nhưng cách giảm cân bằng ăn các loại thức ăn được nhiều người dùng đến , món ăn giúp giảm cân, thực đơn giảm cân cấp tốc sẽ giúp bạn có được thân hình đẹp và thon gọn. Khó ngủ hiện nay đang gặp phải ở rất nhiều người , cả già và trẻ .bi kho ngu phai lam sao ? Có nhiều cách trị khó ngủ .Gan là bộ phận lọc các chất độc trong cơ thể người , chính vì vậy việc giải độc gan rất quan trọng . thuốc giải độc gan tốt sẽ giúp bạn có được gan khỏe mạnh . Collagen giúp trẻ hóa làn da và ngăn ngừa các nếp nhăn , kéo dài tuổi thanh xuân, thực phẩm có nhiều collagen sẽ giúp bạn có được làn da đẹp và trẻ mỗi ngày .

Vũ Hoàng said...

việc cần thiết là nên giữ vệ sinh cho bé cũng như sử dụng các dưỡng chất kem chống hăm penaten cho bé. Lựa chọn sữa tắm trẻ em penaten là quyết định đúng của mọi chị em phụ nữ. Ngoài việc giữ vệ sinh khô thoáng cho trẻ, bạn nên sử dụng đến phấn trị rôm sảy cho bé để tránh bị rôm sảy. Việc lựa chọnsữa dưỡng da cho bé sơ sinh là điều mà nhiều bà mẹ đâu đầu. dau massage penaten là sự lựa chọn hàng đầu cho các bà mẹ trên thế giới. Viên uống bổ sung swanson niacin là sự kết hợp độc đáo giữa Vitamin B3 và Niacin. kem trắng răng perl weiss được nghiên cứu bởi các chuyên gia hàng đầu của Đức về lĩnh vực chăm sóc răng miệng. dung dịch dưỡng da giúp giảm các dấu hiệu lão hóa. Dung dịch organic witch hazel của Mỹ chiết xuất 100% thành phần thảo dược tự nhiên được thu hoạch từ rừng ở New England